Banteay Srei or Banteay Srey(Khmer :ប្រាសាទបន្ទាយស្រី ) is a 10th century Cambodian temple dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva.Located in the area of Angkor in Cambodia.It lies near the hill of Phnom Dei,25km(16mi)north-east of the main group of temples that once belonged to the medieval capitals of Yasodharapura and Angkor Thom[1].Banteay Srei is built largely or re Sandstone,a mediun that lends itself to the elaborate decorative wall carvings which are still observale today.The buildings themselves are miniature in scale,unsually so when measured by the standards of Angkorian construction.These factors have made the temple extremely popuar with tourists,and have led to its being widly praised as a "precious gem"or jewel of Khmer art.

Consecrated on the 22nd of April,967A.D[4],Banteay Srei was the only major temple at Angkor not built by a monarch,its construction is credited to a courtier name Yajnavaraha/Yajnavaraha (modern Khmer :យជ្ញវរាហៈ ),who served as a counsellor to King Rajendravarman II (modern Khmer :ព្រះបាទរាជេន្រ្ទវរ្ម័ន).The foundational Stela says that Yajnavaraha,grandson of King Harm 79 avarman I was a scholar and philanthropist who helped those who suffered from illness,injustice,or poverty,[5] His pupil was the future King Jayavarman V(r.968-ca. 1001 ) Originally,the temple was surrounded by a town called I"7,varaura.

+It has been speculated that the temple's modern name Banteay Srie is due to the many Devatas carved int the red sanstone walls.Yajnavaraha's temple was primarily dedicated to the Hindu god "6;iva.originally,it was carried the name Tribhunanamaha"7;vara-great lord of the threefold world - in referebce ti tge Shaivite LIM49;ga that served as its central religious image.[6] However,the temple buildings appear to be divided along the central east-west axis between those building located south of the axis,which are devoted to "6;iva and those north of the axis,which are devoted to ViM79;M51;u.

The temple's modern name Banteay Srei -citadel of the women,or citadel of beauty - is probably related to the intricacy of the bas relief carvings found on the walls and the tiny many devatas carved into the walls of the buildings