ANGKOR WAT TEMPLE

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The Angkor Wat temple was build by King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century in Yasodharapura(present-day Angkor) the capital of the Khmer Empire, as his state temple and eventual mausoleum.Breaking from the Shaivism tradition of previous kings,Angkor Wat was instead dedicated to Vshnu.As the best-preserved temple at the site,it is the only one to have remaine a significant religious center since its foundation-first  Hindu,dedicated to the god Vishnu,the Buddhist.The temple is at the top of the high classical style of Khmer architecture.It has become a symbol of Cambodia,appearing on its national flag,and it is the country's prime attraction for visitors.Angkor Wat comines two basic plans of Khmer temple architecture: the temple mountain and the later galleried temple based on early Dravidian Architecture,with key features shch as the Jagati.It is designed to represent Mount Meru,home of the Devas in Hindu mythgology: withinn a moat and an outer wall 3.6 kilometers(2.2mi) long are three rectangular galleries, each raised above the next.At the center of the temple stands a quinunx of towers.Unlike most Angkorian temples,Angkor Wat is orientde to the west, scholars are divided as to the significance of this..The temple is admired for the grandeur and harmony of the architecture,its extensive bas-reliefs,and for the numerous devatas adoring its walls.The modern name,Angkor Wat means "Temple City or City of Temple "in Khmer ,Angkor meaning "city" or Capital city" ,is a vernacular form of the word nokor,which comes from the Sanskrit word nagar,Wat is the Khmer word for "temple grounds" derived from the pali word "vatta"Prior to this time the temple was known as Preah Pisnulok (Vara Vishnuloka in Sanskrit),after the posthumous title of its founder.

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