Pre Rup Temple
PRE RUP TEMPLE
Pre Rup (Khmer: ប្រាសាទប្រែរូប) is a temple at Angkor ,Cambodia,built as the state temple of Khmer King Rajenraverama and dedicate in 961 or early 962.It is a temple mountain of combined brick,laterite and sandstone construction.
The temple's name is a comperatively mordern one meaning "turn the body" This reflects the common belief among Cambodians that funerals were conductes at the temple,with the ashes of the body being ritually rotated in different directions as the service progressed.
Located just south of the East Baray,or eastern reservoir,Pre Rup is aligned on a north-south axis with the East Mebon temple,which is located on what was an artificial island in the Baray.The East Mebon was also a creation of the reign of Rajendravarman.
The terminal pyramid of Pre Rup (with the"cistern"foreground).Pre Rup's extensive laterite and brick give it a peasing reddish tone that is heightened by early morning and late afternoon sunlight.The temple has a square lay-out and two perimeter walls.The outer enslosure is a platform bounded by a laterite wall,117 meters N-S by 127 meters E-W .A laterite cuseway gives entry from the east,unfortunately,a modern road cuts across it.The four external gopuras are vross-shaped, having a central brick section(consisting of three rooms flanked by two independen passageway )and a sandstone vestibuble on both sides.To either side iside the eastern gate is a group of three towers aligned north to south.One of the towers appears to have never been built or to have been dismantled later,however they are later addition,probably by JayaveramanV.Further ahead,through another gate,libraries lie to either side of the walkway on the second platform.Just befor the entrance there is a stone"cistern"but scholars believe it was a basement for a Nandi bronze statue rather than being used used for cremation ceremonies.
There is also a series of long distinct galleries running along each side, a distinctive feature of 10th century architecture that would be substituted by a continuous gallery from Ta Keo onward.The final squared pyramid,measuring 50m at its base, rises in three steep tirers a dozen meters in height to a 35m square platform at the summit.The lowest tier is simmetrically surounded by 12 small shrines.At the top,five towers are arranged ing a qioncunx,,one at each corner of the square and one in the center,Deities carved as bas-reliefs stand guard at either side of central tower's eastern door,its other doors are false doors.The southwest tower once contained a statue of Lakshmi,the northwest tower a statur of Uma,the southeast tower a statue of Vishnu and the northeast tower a statue of Shiva.The last one has an inscription on door jambs that dates from Jayavarman VI and is the only proof of his reign at Angkor.